First and foremost, our most sincere thanks goes to Dr. Margie Smith. Dr. Smith is a virologist in the lab of Dr. Bill Grimes. She spent hours upon hours working with us to perfect the content found ont this page. Her knowledge in this subject was beyond extensive, it was virtually astronomical. We thank her profusely.

Jacob "Whipped" Hiscox Jake is a Molecular and Cellular Biology major and a Gemini. He likes lime jello and long walks on the beach (sorry ladies, he's taken). For Christmas, he would like a shiny red bicycle.

Shafinaz "You guys don't get this?" Momen Sofi is a Freshman majoring in Microbiology and minoring in Computer Science. She works with VBRR and with the Arizona Cancer Center as a research assistant. For Christmas, Sofi wants a plane ride back home to the U.A.E.

John "MIA" Tucker John is a Molecular and Cellular Biology major from Las Cruces, New Mexico. He is a Pledge II for Alpha Epsilon Delta Pre-Med honorary and is the intramural chair at his residence hall. He also works in the animal science laboratory in the Forbes building. John didn't tell us what he wanted for Christmas, so, you should ask him yourself.

Viviana "I have a brown belt" Ruiz Viviana is a Freshman majoring in Molecular and Cellular Biology and minoring in Human Health and Public Services Administration. She works at the School of Landscape Architecture. She is a resident of AZ/SO. For Christmas, she wants a car, just one that runs.

Rachit "Let's do it MY WAY" Kumar Rachit is a Freshman majoring in Biochemistry and minoring in Psychology. He is a member of Alpha Epsilon Delta, F.A.C.E.S. in Medicine, and a proud resident of AZ/SO hall. He works in the laboratory of Dr. Leslie Tolbert. For Christmas, he would like a laptop computer.

Rachit would like to give a shout-out to Mike Buffington, Jim Swan, and Peter Goldstein for helping out immensely with this webpage. You guys deserve serious props! Thanks a million!!!

Annotated Bibliography

Nuffield Council on Bioethics. "Stem Cell Therapy: the ethical issues." April 2000. University of Arizona. 16 Oct. 2000.
Stem Cell Therapy: the ethical issues

This paper concentrates on the use of stem cells in genetic therapy, which has become increasingly more effective because a vast number of cells can be corrected by changing the genetic information in the stem cells which give rise to many other cells. This council discusses the use of stem cells which come from human embryos in gene therapy, and the old argument of whether embryo is a person. There is a recommendation that research be done on alternative use of animal embryos.

"Human Gene Therapy." National Reference Center for Bioethics Literature. Feb. 2000. University of Arizona. Georgetown University. 16 Oct. 2000. Human Gene Therapy

This article gives a brief history of the uses of gene therapy in the Untied States with respect to humans. Also application of gene therapy are discussed along with diseases that could benefit from gene therapy. Furthermore, there are both arguments of support and rejection toward many aspects of gene therapy here. Lastly, some of the regulations placed on genetic research are presented and other philosophical and religions considerations are examined.

Cavazzana-Calvo, Marina. "Gene Therapy of Human Severe Combined Immunodeficiency-X1 Disease." 28 April 2000. Vol. 288, p. 669-672. 28 April 2000. University of Arizona. 17 Oct. 2000. Science

This is a report published on the results of a clinical trial of gene therapy that may provide a cure for SCID. This will be used to show the progression of early gene therapy as compared to that of recent endeavors.

Woods, Heather Rock. "Exploring the Ethics of Genetics." 3 Jan. 1996. University of Arizona. Stanford University. 16 Oct. 2000. Exploring the Ethics of Genetics

This paper deals mostly with the repercussions of genetic therapy and testing, with respect to screening, insurance policies, and expenses. The division of natural variation and disease is questioned and how far scientists should deviated from the area of disease. There is also the concern of abuse of this new area and it technology, which could producea whole new area for prejudice and discrimination. The concept, of genetics somehow clouding our thoughts with respect to what makes us human, is associated with advanced understanding in this field.

Dr. Ho, Mae-Wan. "Unholy Alliance." Vol.27, No.4. The Ecologist. July/August. University of Arizona. 16 Oct. 2000. Unholy Alliance

This paper shows the promises of genetic engineering are almost without bound, a better environment, feed the hungry, resist disease, and perhaps enable immortality in humans, all of which are too good to be true. Also, the fact that many large corporations are behind much of the research in this field, which is the base of this article on the alliance between genetic engineering and business. It gives a slightly technical explanation of genetic engineering but will be valuable in giving a history of this field. This paper will be important in presenting the opposition of gene therapy and genetic engineering.

Paul, Pope John II. "Dangers of Genetic Manipulation." 29 Oct.1983. Catholic Church. 16 Oct. 2000. Dangers of Genetic Manipulation

This is a letter, written by the Pope, to the members of the World Medical Association, in which he expresses his concerns regarding genetic engineering. He explains the line dividing the beneficial uses of genetic therapy and the unethical use. This paper was beneficial for providing different view points on the issues of genetic engineering and some religious opinions.

Other Outstanding Websites

SCIDs Home Page on the Web
This is the definitive resource on the internet for information concerning Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disease. If you found our topic interesting, we highly recommend you visit it.

United States Clinical Trials
This is a website that is administered by the National Institute of Health. They list every clinical trial occurring in the nation.

The Aegis Clinical Trials Knowledgebase
This website is run by the National Library of Medicine and also has a plethora of information concerning gene therapy trials occurring across the nation.