Adenosine triphosphate (3 phosphates) is a nucleotide present in all cells and is an energy source for cell processes. This is also necessary in the synthesis of RNA. In energy processes ATP can be broken down into ADP, adenosine diphosphate (2 phosphates) or AMP, adenosine monophosphate (1 phosphate) releasing phosphate groups and usable energy in the cell.
A chemical used in this research to stimulate the AMPK and consequently the GLUT 4 transport within the cell
The activated protein Kinase, which is an enzyme suspected to be responsible for increases in GLUT 4 transport inside a cell.
The theory that living things come from other living things.
A calcium binding protein.
The light that is produced as a reaction takes place.
Always made by a cell under any conditions.
Within the cytosol or relating to it.
The part of the cytoplasm of a cell that is fluid.
A chemical that inhibits calcium release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum.
Molecule of protein that makes chemical reactions work better and is not used.
A molecule of sugar used for energy within the cell.
The carrier protein that brings glucose into the cell.
Protein in the nuclei of eukaryotic cells that modify DNA for replication.
Reduced oxygen to tissue.
An ionophore for calcium commonly used to determine the different roles of calcium within cells.
Chemical agents that increase the ability of certain ions to enter cells through membranes.
Ca2+ / calmodulin dependent kinase II inhibitor.
Break up or disintegrate.
Myocyte Enhancer Factor 2. A GLUT 4 transcription factor, responsible for creating GLUT 4 within the cell.
A muscle cell.
Long cells with three or more nuclei that have some myofibrils.
Composed of many microfilaments, they are slender threads in muscle fibers.
An enzyme that is used by cells to catalyze or make the reaction happen, that transfers phosphates from ATP.
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