Group 09's Home - HIV Inhibition.
Introduction to HIVMethods and ResultsDiscussionGlossaryResourcesCredits


B-Cells - Develop in the stems cells of bone marrow. They are responsible for producing antibodies to help protect the body from viruses.

CD4 Cells - A type of white blood cell that acts as a communicator between the different cells in the immune system.

Cofactor a secondary receptor that is required in order for HIV to successfully bind with target cells.
Dendritic Cells - The immune system’s first line of defense, they are usually found in the linings of the throat and mouth. Cells that work in conjunction with macrophages.

Envs envelope glycoproteins glycoproteins on the surface of the HIV virus.

Immune System - A large defense system in the body made up of millions of organs and cells that all contribute to fighting invading viruses.

Macrophages - “Big Eaters” work in conjunction with the dendritic cells as the immune system’s first line of defense. Macrophages protect different organs (e.g. lungs, brain, liver).

Macrophage Tropic HIV Isolates HIV that tends to infect only macrophages.

Natural Killer Cells - Cells which engulf an infected cell.

Opportunistic Diseases - Diseases which take advantage of a weaken immune system in the event that it has been damaged or disable in anyway.

T-Cell tropic HIV Isolates HIV that tends to infect only the T-cells.

T-Killer Cells (Cytotoxic T-Cells) - Cells which recognize an infected cell and kill that cell to prevent the spread of the virus. They also have CD8 Receptor proteins.

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