References and Additional Links


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References and Additional Links


Ditty, J.L, S.B. Williams and S.S. Golden. 2003. "A Cyanobacterial Circadian Timing Mechanism." The Annual Review of Genetics 37:513-517. Available at <>.

Golden, Susan S. 2003. "Timekeeping in bacteria: the cyanobacterial circadian clock." Current Opinion in Microbiology 6:535-540. Available at <>.

Johnson, Carl H. and Martin Egli. 2004."Visualizing a biological clockwork's cogs." Nature Structural & Molecular Biology 11(7):584-585. Available at <>.

Vakonakis, Ionannis and Andy C. LiWang. 2004. "Structure of the C-terminal domain of the clock protein KaiA in complex with a KaiC-derived peptide: Implications for KaiC regulation." PNAS 101(30):10925-10930. Available at <>.

Additional Links

Ek, Wilma. 1999. "The Molecular Genetics of Circadian Clocks." Available at <>.

This site offers an excellent resource for further exploration of circadian clocks, including applications to cyanobacteria, fungi, Drosophila, plants, and mammals, and includes a glossary.

National Institute of Mental Health. 2001. "How Biological Clocks Work." Available at <>.

This site gives "A brief overview of research into the genetics of sleep patterns and biological clocks," including applications to jetlag and bipolar disorder.

Weitz, Charles J. 1995. "Clockwork Genes." Available at <>.

This site is an excellent overview of the ways in which circadian clocks affect the daily lives of mammals (that's us!).


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